Open to all Middle and High School Classes
Division I – 6th – 8th grade
Division II – 9th – 12th grade
Due: February 15, 2013
Table of Contents
- The Challenge
- Range of Activities
- Essential Questions
- Student Outcomes
- Evaluation Rubric
- Curricular Goals
A myth is a traditional, typically ancient story dealing with supernatural beings, ancestors, or heroes that serves as a fundamental type in the worldview of a people. The purpose of myths is to account for the origins of something, explain aspects of the natural world, or delineate the psychology, customs, or ideals of society. (americanfolklore.net)
This Challenge asks you to explore the myths of cultures other than Greece and Rome – Egypt, Ireland, Scandinavia, Babylon, and China for example. You may also choose to research a Native American myth. Then, re-tell this myth in a fully–produced, ten to twelve-panel, photographic storyboard. By ‘fully produced’ we mean that the storyboard presentation needs to be shot and edited together to music and/or sound effects. The teams can choose whether or not it is effective to also narrate the storyboard, or leave it up to the viewer to read it.
There are two conditions that apply to creating this photographic storyboard:
- All photos must be original – you may not use existing photos or illustrations that might be taken from mythology books, for example.
- All photos must be three-dimensional. In other words, you cannot take a picture of a two–dimensional drawing that your team has created. But you could, for example, take a picture of a three-dimensional diorama that your team created. Otherwise the expectation is that your team will photograph pre-planned photos on location.
At the end of the storyboard presentation, a member of the team (or everyone – it is up to the team) must appear on camera and briefly explain why your team chose this myth; why this myth matters to your team. This last piece should last no more than thirty or forty seconds and should demonstrate the following:
- An understanding of the meaning of the myth;
- It’s connection to your present day selves.
Two more conditions to keep in mind:
- The teams must open their storyboard presentation with a slate that clearly states the English title of the myth; the country from where it hails; the general time in which the myth was created or takes place; and a web URL (or book and chapter, if there is no relevant URL) where a write up of the original myth can be located.
- If the team then chooses to give their storyboard a different title, they can do so after this initial slate.
- The teams can interpret the myth in almost way that they want – see notes below – but they need to keep the myth’s original character names the same.
- The fully scored, digital storyboard with full text (this is the only Meridian Stories deliverable)
- Script, if the text is not presented visually in the storyboard
- Mythology research (non-Greek and Roman)
- Individual myth analysis (non-Greek and Roman)
- Myth re-telling through photographic interpretation
- Character, Setting, Cohesive aesthetic approach
- Storyboard Production
- Visual and aural production
During Phase I, student teams will:
- Choose one region of the world that has been known for it rich myth-creation history, and begin to research the myths of that culture.
- Narrow down your selections to two or three myths. Discuss with your team the strengths and weaknesses of each of the final myth selections. Be sure that the myth selections aren’t too complicated as the storyboard format is only capable of effectively communicating a relatively uncomplicated story.
- In particular, explore the meaning of the myth as it relates to your lives. (One of the evaluation criteria is concerned with the connection that your team makes to the myth and its meaning).
- Choose your myth.
- Break down your myth into ten or twelve key scenes or frames – the essential moments in the myth that are needed to convey the story and its meaning. For each frame, break down the story into its component parts, including action, characters and setting. We recommend submitting this written storyboard draft to your teacher for direction and comments.
- Outline the ideas that will inform the conclusion about the teams’ relationship to the myth.
|Meridian Stories provides two forms of support for the student teams.
Recommended review, as a team, for this Challenge include:
|Media Innovators and Artists||Meridian Tips|
|On Photography – Michael Kolster
On Character Design – Scott Nash
On Music in Film – Mary Hunter
On Multi-Media in Theatre – Roger Bechtel
|“Creative Brainstorming Techniques”|
During Phase II, student teams will:
- Brainstorm about how you will represent these scenes photographically. Student teams have a huge range of flexibility in terms of their visual approach to communicating their chosen myth. Here are a few (but not the only) starter ideas to launch your brainstorming:
- Your team can attempt to represent the myth literally, by looking to use period costumes and looking for settings/locations that approximate the setting of the myth.
- Your team can re-locate the myth to the present day and re-tell the story using contemporary clothing, props and references. However, keep in mind that you must use the original names of the characters.
- Your team can approach the myth abstractly, creating photos that communicate meaning through symbolism.
- Once you have decided on your general creative approach, work out the design for each frame, as based on your written storyboard draft. Here are some questions to consider as you look explore your photographic design work.
- What is the location for each frame? Your team may need to go on location scouts – trips to relevant interior and exterior places – in order to figure this piece out.
- How are you depicting the characters in this myth and where are they going to be located in each photograph?
- What props do you need for each frame? How are you going to find those props?
- What is the general mood of each frame? How will you use lighting and color to help create that mood?
- In this same vein, each storyboard will be accompanied by music of your choice. Music is an important mood setting element as well. Explore the role and choice of music as your team discusses mood and tone.
- What is the point of view of each frame? Where will you place the camera in order to communicate that point of view?
- By the end of this phase, student teams should have their design for each frame clearly sketched out.
- Create your storyboard script. What is the text that accompanies each frame? Sometimes it is better to finalize this after you have completed your photographic shooting. However, at this point, it is good to have a rough draft in place of the storyboard text.
- The text can be created solely out of existing language in your myth source text. This is not about re-writing the myth; it is about creating a visual interpretation of the myth; a visual re-telling. If all of the text is taken from an existing source, the source, of course, must be properly cited.
- Write your concluding script – the piece that connects your team to the myth — and discuss how you will shoot and present this segment.
During Phase III, student teams will:
- Pre-produce the shoot – making sure that all costumes, props, people, locations and other variables are in place for the actual photography shoot.
- Production – Shoot the storyboard and shoot the conclusion.
- Post-produce the video.
- In addition to the visual editing together of the storyboard and conclusion – which involves turning the storyboard into a video element that can be uploaded onto Youtube, each team needs to incorporate a sound design. What kind of music will support the mood and tone of your myth? Is there a place for sound effects? Should this be narrated or simply read by the viewer?
- What is the role of myth in a culture, both historically and now? How do certain myths embody meaning for you?
- What are some important myths from a culture that is neither Roman nor Greek?
- In re-imagining your select myth, how have your choices regarding setting, character, tone and aesthetic design impacted the viewer’s experience with the story?
- In moving from the base of a written text to a photographic storyboard, what elements of the story have you been able to communicate more effectively? Which elements less effectively?
- How has working on a team changed the learning experience?
- The student will have an increased awareness of the role of myths as shapers of past and current cultures.
- The student will have a deeper understanding of the mythological canon in a select culture.
- The student will understand how to create their own narrative impact by making strategic choices in the areas of setting, character, tone and aesthetic design.
- The student will understand the differences in communicative power between text and photography; between story and storyboarding.
- The student will have an increased awareness of the challenges and rewards of team collaboration.
|CONTENT COMMAND – Clear communication and understanding of myth|
|Criteria||1 – 3||4 – 7||8 – 10|
|Clear re-telling of the myth||The storyboard does not clearly retell the myth||The storyboard covers the basic events that comprise the myth||The storyboard clearly and succinctly retells the myth|
|Substantive and meaningful re-telling of the myth||The choice of scenes and use of language and imagery do not reveal meaning and depth in the myth||The choice of scenes and use of language and imagery intermittently reveal meaning and substance in the myth||The choice of scenes and use of language and imagery reveal meaning and depth in the myth.|
|Clear and meaningful connection between myth and team||The team does not exhibit a clear understanding of or connection to the myth||The team presents a solid understanding of and connection to the myth||The team exhibits a thoughtful and engaging understanding of and connection to the myth|
|STORYTELLING COMMAND – Clear and creative use of narrative elements to communicate narrative|
|Criteria||1 – 3||4 – 7||8 – 10|
|Creative Approach||The creative approach (visual interpretation) to the myth is generally lacking cohesion and imagination||The creative approach (visual interpretation) to the myth is interesting and generally engaging||The creative approach (visual interpretation) to the myth is imaginative, cohesive and engaging|
|The Frames (scenes)||Only a few of the individual frames were effective||Many of the individual frames were effective and poignant||Most or all of the individual frames were effective and poignant|
|Narrative Elements||The choices made in terms of character, setting, point of view, language and tone do not successfully communicate the narrative.||The choices made in terms of character, setting, point of view, language and tone are generally interesting and thoughtful||The choices made in terms of character, setting, point of view, language and tone are coherent, compelling and effective in communicating the narrative|
|MEDIA COMMAND – Effective use of media elements to communicate narrative|
|Criteria||1 – 3||4 – 7||8 – 10|
|The Photography||The artistic choices are not well presented and detract from your overall re-telling of the myth||The artistic choices are solid and service the myth||The artistic choices are visually arresting and bring new meaning to the myth|
|The Audio Choices (including music, sound and/or voice)||The selective use of music, sound, and/or voice detracts from the overall presentation of the myth||The selective use of music, sound, and/or voice supports the presentation of the myth||The selective use of music, sound, and/or voice creates an atmosphere that enhances and enriches the overall myth|
|The Conclusion||The presentation of the team (or team members) was not thoughtful or in line with the aesthetic of the storyboard||The presentation of the team (or team members) was clear and consistent with the aesthetic of the storyboard||The presentation of the team (or team members) was clear, thoughtful and an imaginative extension of the aesthetic of the storyboard|
|21ST CENTURY SKILLS COMMAND (for teachers only) – Effective use of collaborative thinking, creativity and innovation, and initiative and self-direction to create and produce the final project.|
|Collaborative Thinking||The group did not work together effectively and/or did not share the work equally||The group worked together effectively and had no major issues||The group demonstrated flexibility in making compromises and valued the contributions of each group member|
|Creativity and Innovation||The group did not make a solid effort to create anything new or innovative||The group was able to brainstorm new and inventive ideas, but was inconsistent in their realistic evaluation and implementation of those ideas.||The group brainstormed many inventive ideas and was able to evaluate, refine and implement them effectively|
|Initiative and Self-Direction||The group was unable to set attainable goals, work independently and manage their time effectively.||The group required some additional help, but was able to complete the project on time with few problems||The group set attainable goals, worked independently and managed their time effectively, demonstrating a disciplined commitment to the project|
The Mythological Photographic Storyboard addresses a range of curricular objectives that have been articulated by the new Core Curricular Standards – English Language Arts. Below please find the standards that are addressed, either in whole or in part.
Core Curricular Standards – English Language Arts Standards
Key Ideas and Details
|Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.||Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme.||Analyze the impact of the author’s choices regarding how to develop and relate elements of a story or drama (e.g., where a story is set, how the action is ordered, how the characters are introduced and developed).|
Craft and Structure
|Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.||Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text,
including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).
|Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful.|
Craft and Structure
|NA||Analyze a particular point of view or cultural experience reflected in a work of literature from outside the United States, drawing on a wide reading of world
Integration of Knowledge
|NA||Analyze the representation of a subject or a key scene in two different artistic
mediums, including what is emphasized or absent in each treatment
|Analyze multiple interpretations of a story, drama, or poem (e.g., recorded or live production of a play or recorded novel or poetry), evaluating how each version interprets the source text.|
Text Types and Purposes
|Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.||Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.||Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.|
SPEAKING AND LISTENING
Comprehension and Collaboration
|Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher- led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.||Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 9–10 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.||Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one- on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 11–12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.|
SPEAKING AND LISTENING
Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
|Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add interest.||Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding of findings, reasoning, and evidence and to add interest.||Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding of findings, reasoning, and evidence and to add interest.|
Conventions of Standard English
|Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.||Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.||Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.|
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
|Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings||Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings||Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.|